Legal Studies 100 Blog

The 1994 Crime Bill: Violent Offender Incarceration and Truth in Sentencing Incentive Grants

During the pinnacle of President-elect Joe Biden's candidacy, you may have heard the term "1994 crime bill" thrown around both by his supporters and opponents, but what does this mean? What happened in 1994 that so many associate with the rise of mass incarceration and, more importantly, with one of America's 2020 presidential candidates? In … Continue reading The 1994 Crime Bill: Violent Offender Incarceration and Truth in Sentencing Incentive Grants

Massachusetts Anti-Stalking Laws: Law As Security from the 90s Until Today

Stalking is one of those instances where we recognise its severity, but are often unaware of the emotional harm and anxiety it can inflict on its victims. Many instances of this now classified crime unfortunately turn into so-called “He said/she said” situations, with not much intuition as to what really happened. Thankfully, anti-stalking laws have … Continue reading Massachusetts Anti-Stalking Laws: Law As Security from the 90s Until Today

2017 Tax Cuts And Jobs Act: Section 162(q)

Section‌ ‌162(q)‌ ‌will‌ ‌always‌ ‌be‌ ‌a‌ ‌tale‌ ‌told‌ ‌from‌ ‌two‌ ‌perspectives:‌ ‌the‌ ‌intended‌ ‌versus‌ ‌the‌ ‌actual.‌ ‌Good‌ ‌intentions‌ ‌with‌ ‌comedically‌ ‌ugly‌ ‌real‌ ‌world‌ ‌results. ‌‌Section‌ ‌162(q)‌ ‌was‌ ‌a‌ ‌mere‌ ‌tax‌ ‌code‌ ‌attempting‌ ‌to‌ ‌decrease‌ ‌the‌ ‌high‌ ‌usage‌ ‌of‌ ‌non-disclosure‌ ‌agreements‌ ‌in‌ ‌sexual‌ ‌harassment‌ ‌and‌ ‌abuse‌ ‌cases‌ ‌through‌ ‌defendant‌ ‌targeted‌ ‌tax‌ ‌disincentives.‌ ‌Section‌ ‌162(q)‌ ‌would‌ ‌net‌ ‌this‌ ‌effect‌ ‌by‌ … Continue reading 2017 Tax Cuts And Jobs Act: Section 162(q)

California’s SB 179: The Gender Recognition Act

California’s SB 179, also known as the Gender Recognition Act, seeks to recognize intersex, transgender, and non-binary individuals by giving them the option of having their preferred gender identity reflected on all official California documents (Bill Text 1). Including the option to identity as “X”—meaning non-binary—on the state’s documents is done so to ensure that … Continue reading California’s SB 179: The Gender Recognition Act

Cyberbullying in the Florida K-12 Public School System

Law on the Books: Intent and Method of the Law  Florida Statute 1006.147 or The Jeffrey Johnston Stand Up for All Students Act’s overarching mission is to prevent and prohibit any form of bullying of school staff or students in all Florida K-12 academic institutions and districts. It intends to even target and eliminate cyberbullying … Continue reading Cyberbullying in the Florida K-12 Public School System

The Animal Damages Control Act: Implementation, Enforcement, and Reform

           The Animal Damages Control Act (ADCA), enacted by Congress in 1931 to accommodate the interests of the ranching and animal husbandry industry, authorizes the creation of an agency today known as Wildlife Services, to control wildlife species on federal, state, and private lands, especially species injurious to property owned by those in agriculture and ranching … Continue reading The Animal Damages Control Act: Implementation, Enforcement, and Reform

The Time Is Up: Advancing The Community Reinvestment Act

The 1977 Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) was introduced to respond to the disparate practices of redlining and racially exclusive loaning strategies. Since its passage, the statute has generated a minimal impact on the lingering racist systemic inequalities that have persisted and amplified into our present context. Its inability to address racially driven inequalities is in … Continue reading The Time Is Up: Advancing The Community Reinvestment Act